That is the medical specialty that studies and treats pathologies that affect the breasts. "It encompasses both benign and malignant diseases that affect not only women, but also men", says Dr. Fabio Laginha.
According to him, among young women, the most frequent illnesses that occur are benign and manifest mainly in late adolescence and early adulthood, when the body begins to produce more hormones. This is the case of diseases such as fibroadenomas (nodules) and asymmetries (when the breasts have different sizes).
During pregnancy and breastfeeding, the most common complaints are infections such as mastitis. "After the age of 40, the pathology that predominates in mastology care is the prevention of breast cancer. That is a disease that affects mainly women, although it can also happen to men. One in every hundred breast cancer patients is male", says Laginha. According to the doctor, among men, the most prevalent disease seen by the mastologist is gynecomastia, which is the growth of the mammary glands.
Hospital 9 de Julho has highly qualified breast cancer specialists, who work in an integrated manner with a multidisciplinary team composed of oncologists, plastic surgeons, gynecologists, among others. Another differential is the Women's Clinic, where women of all ages can undergo exams and consultations with professionals from different specialties.